A silent film is a film with no synchronized recorded sound, especially with no spoken dialogue. In silent films for entertainment the dialogue is transmitted through muted gestures, pantomime and title cards. The idea of combining motion pictures with recorded sound is nearly as old as film itself, but because of the technical challenges involved, synchronized dialogue was only made practical in the late 1920s with the perfection of the audion amplifier tube and the introduction of the Vitaphone system. After the release of The Jazz Singer in 1927, "talkies" became more and more commonplace. Within a decade, popular widespread production of silent films had ceased.
The first projected primary proto-movie was made by Eadweard Muybridge some time between 1877 and 1880. The first narrative film was created by Louis Le Prince in 1888. It was a two-second film of people walking in Oakwood streets garden, entitled Roundhay Garden Scene. The art of motion pictures grew into full maturity in the "silent era"(1894-1929) before silent films were replaced by "talking pictures"
in the late 1920s. Many film scholars and buffs argue that the
aesthetic quality of cinema decreased for several years until directors,
actors, and production staff adapted to the new "talkies".
The visual quality of silent movies—especially those produced in the
1920s—was often high. However, there is a widely held misconception that
these films were primitive and barely watchable by modern standards.
This misconception comes as a result of silent films being played back
at wrong speed and their deteriorated condition. Many silent films exist
only in second- or third-generation copies, often copied from already
damaged and neglected film stock.